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End Of Chapter Exercises

Periodic table

Exercise 5.3

For the following questions state whether they are true or false. If they are false, correct the statement

  1. The group 1 elements are sometimes known as the alkali earth metals.

  2. The group 8 elements are known as the noble gases.

  3. Group 7 elements are very unreactive.

  4. The transition elements are found between groups 3 and 4.

Solution not yet available.

Give one word or term for each of the following:

  1. The energy that is needed to remove one electron from an atom

  2. A horizontal row on the periodic table

  3. A very reactive group of elements that is missing just one electron from their outer shells.

Solution not yet available.

Given \(_{35}^{80}\text{Br}\) and \(_{17}^{35}\text{Cl}\). Compare these elements in terms of the following properties. Explain the differences in each case.

  1. Atomic radius

  2. Electronegativity

  3. First ionisation energy

  4. Boiling point

Solution not yet available.

Given the following table:

Element

\(\text{Na}\)

\(\text{Mg}\)

\(\text{Al}\)

\(\text{Si}\)

\(\text{P}\)

\(\text{S}\)

\(\text{Cl}\)

\(\text{Ar}\)

Atomic number

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

Density (\(\text{g·cm$^{-3}$}\))

\(\text{0,97}\)

\(\text{1,74}\)

\(\text{2,70}\)

\(\text{2,33}\)

\(\text{1,82}\)

\(\text{2,08}\)

\(\text{3,17}\)

\(\text{1,78}\)

Melting point (℃)

\(\text{370,9}\)

\(\text{923,0}\)

\(\text{933,5}\)

\(\text{1 687}\)

\(\text{317,3}\)

\(\text{388,4}\)

\(\text{171,6}\)

\(\text{83,8}\)

Boiling point (℃)

\(\text{1 156}\)

\(\text{1 363}\)

\(\text{2 792}\)

\(\text{3 538}\)

\(\text{550}\)

\(\text{717,8}\)

\(\text{239,1}\)

\(\text{87,3}\)

Electronegativity

\(\text{0,93}\)

\(\text{1,31}\)

\(\text{1,61}\)

\(\text{1,90}\)

\(\text{2,19}\)

\(\text{2,58}\)

\(\text{3,16}\)

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Draw graphs to show the patterns in the following physical properties:

  1. Density

  2. Boiling point

  3. Melting point

  4. Electronegativity

Solution not yet available.

A graph showing the pattern in first ionisation energy for the elements in period 3 is shown below:

af071455d9398a29cfc04d448b65c343.png
  1. Explain the pattern by referring to the electron configuration

  2. Predict the pattern in the first ionisation energy for the elements in period 2.

  3. Draw a rough graph to show the pattern predicted in the previous question.

Solution not yet available.