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End Of Chapter Exercises

Sound

Exercise 10.2

Choose a word from column B that best describes the concept in column A.

Column A

Column B

1. pitch of sound

A. amplitude

2. loudness of sound

B. frequency

3. quality of sound

C. speed

D. waveform

Solution not yet available

A tuning fork, a violin string and a loudspeaker are producing sounds. This is because they are all in a state of:

  1. compression

  2. rarefaction

  3. rotation

  4. tension

  5. vibration

Solution not yet available

What would a drummer do to make the sound of a drum give a note of lower pitch?

  1. hit the drum harder

  2. hit the drum less hard

  3. hit the drum near the edge

  4. loosen the drum skin

  5. tighten the drum skin

Solution not yet available

What is the approximate range of audible frequencies for a healthy human?

  1. \(\text{0,2}\) \(\text{Hz}\) \(\rightarrow\) \(\text{200}\) \(\text{Hz}\)

  2. \(\text{2}\) \(\text{Hz}\) \(\rightarrow\) \(\text{2 000}\) \(\text{Hz}\)

  3. \(\text{20}\) \(\text{Hz}\) \(\rightarrow\) \(\text{20 000}\) \(\text{Hz}\)

  4. \(\text{200}\) \(\text{Hz}\) \(\rightarrow\) \(\text{200 000}\) \(\text{Hz}\)

  5. \(\text{2 000}\) \(\text{Hz}\) \(\rightarrow\) \(\text{2 000 000}\) \(\text{Hz}\)

Solution not yet available

X and Y are different wave motions. In air, X travels much faster than Y but has a much shorter wavelength. Which types of wave motion could X and Y be?

X

Y

1.

microwaves

red light

2.

radio

infra red

3.

red light

sound

4.

sound

ultraviolet

5.

ultraviolet

radio

Solution not yet available

Astronauts are in a spaceship orbiting the moon. They see an explosion on the surface of the moon. Why can they not hear the explosion?

  1. explosions do not occur in space

  2. sound cannot travel through a vacuum

  3. sound is reflected away from the spaceship

  4. sound travels too quickly in space to affect the ear drum

  5. the spaceship would be moving at a supersonic speed

Solution not yet available

A man stands between two cliffs as shown in the diagram and claps his hands once.

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Assuming that the velocity of sound is \(\text{330}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\), what will be the time interval between the two loudest echoes?

  1. \(\frac{2}{3} \text{ s}\)

  2. \(\frac{1}{6} \text{ s}\)

  3. \(\frac{5}{6} \text{ s}\)

  4. \(\text{1}\) \(\text{s}\)

  5. \(\frac{1}{3} \text{ s}\)

Solution not yet available

A dolphin emits an ultrasonic wave with frequency of 0,15 MHz. The speed of the ultrasonic wave in water is \(\text{1 500}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\). What is the wavelength of this wave in water?

  1. \(\text{0,1}\) \(\text{mm}\)

  2. \(\text{1}\) \(\text{cm}\)

  3. \(\text{10}\) \(\text{cm}\)

  4. \(\text{10}\) \(\text{m}\)

  5. \(\text{100}\) \(\text{m}\)

Solution not yet available

The amplitude and frequency of a sound wave are both increased. How are the loudness and pitch of the sound affected?

loudness

pitch

A

increased

raised

B

increased

unchanged

C

increased

lowered

D

decreased

raised

E

decreased

lowered

Solution not yet available

A jet fighter travels slower than the speed of sound. Its speed is said to be:

  1. Mach 1

  2. supersonic

  3. subsonic

  4. hypersonic

  5. infrasonic

Solution not yet available

A sound wave is different from a light wave in that a sound wave is:

  1. produced by a vibrating object and a light wave is not.

  2. not capable of travelling through a vacuum.

  3. not capable of diffracting and a light wave is.

  4. capable of existing with a variety of frequencies and a light wave has a single frequency.

Solution not yet available

At the same temperature, sound waves have the fastest speed in:

  1. rock

  2. milk

  3. oxygen

  4. sand

Solution not yet available

Two sound waves are travelling through a container of nitrogen gas. The first wave has a wavelength of 1,5 m, while the second wave has a wavelength of \(\text{4,5}\) \(\text{m}\). The velocity of the second wave must be:

  1. \(\frac{1}{9}\) the velocity of the first wave.

  2. \(\frac{1}{3}\) the velocity of the first wave.

  3. the same as the velocity of the first wave.

  4. three times larger than the velocity of the first wave.

  5. nine times larger than the velocity of the first wave.

Solution not yet available

A lightning storm creates both lightning and thunder. You see the lightning almost immediately since light travels at \(\text{3} \times \text{10}^{\text{8}}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\). After seeing the lightning, you count \(\text{5}\) \(\text{s$^{-1}$}\) and then you hear the thunder. Calculate the distance to the location of the storm.

Solution not yet available

A person is yelling from a second story window to another person standing at the garden gate, \(\text{50}\) \(\text{m}\) away. If the speed of sound is \(\text{344}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\), how long does it take the sound to reach the person standing at the gate?

Solution not yet available

Person 1 speaks to person 2. Explain how the sound is created by person 1 and how it is possible for person 2 to hear the conversation.

Solution not yet available

Sound cannot travel in space. Discuss what other modes of communication astronauts can use when they are outside the space shuttle?

Solution not yet available

An automatic focus camera uses an ultrasonic sound wave to focus on objects. The camera sends out sound waves which are reflected off distant objects and return to the camera. A sensor detects the time it takes for the waves to return and then determines the distance an object is from the camera. If a sound wave (speed \(= \text{344}\text{ m·s$^{-1}$}\)) returns to the camera \(\text{0,150}\) \(\text{s}\) after leaving the camera, how far away is the object?

Solution not yet available

Calculate the frequency (in Hz) and wavelength of the annoying sound made by a mosquito when it beats its wings at the average rate of 600 wing beats per second. Assume the speed of the sound waves is \(\text{344}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\).

Solution not yet available

How does halving the frequency of a wave source affect the speed of the waves?

Solution not yet available

Humans can detect frequencies as high as \(\text{20 000}\) \(\text{Hz}\). Assuming the speed of sound in air is \(\text{344}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\), calculate the wavelength of the sound corresponding to the upper range of audible hearing.

Solution not yet available

An elephant trumpets at \(\text{10}\) \(\text{Hz}\)10 Hz. Assuming the speed of sound in air is \(\text{344}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\), calculate the wavelength of this infrasonic sound wave made by the elephant.

Solution not yet available

A ship sends a signal out to determine the depth of the ocean. The signal returns 2,5 seconds later. If sound travels at \(\text{1 450}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\) in sea water, how deep is the ocean at that point?

Solution not yet available

A person shouts at a cliff and hears an echo from the cliff \(\text{1}\) \(\text{s}\) later. If the speed of sound is \(\text{344}\) \(\text{m·s$^{-1}$}\), how far away is the cliff?

Solution not yet available

Select a word from Column B that best fits the description in Column A:

Column A

Column B

1. waves in the air caused by vibrations

A. longitudinal waves

2. waves that move in one direction, but medium moves in another

B. frequency

3. waves and medium that move in the same direction

C. period

4. the distance between consecutive points of a wave which are in phase

D. amplitude

5. how often a single wavelength goes by

E. sound waves

6. half the difference between high points and low points of waves

F. standing waves

7. the distance a wave covers per time interval

G. transverse waves

8. the time taken for one wavelength to pass a point

H. wavelength

I. music

J. sounds

K. wave speed

Solution not yet available